HMRC confirmed last month that it is phasing out paper VAT returns. From April 2010,…
There are occassions where the director of a business will need to pay for business expenditure out of his or her own pocket. For example, you could be away on a trip and see a shiny new must have piece of equipment at a knock down price. You don’t have your company card with you, but do have enough cash in your personal account, so you buy it and then claim it back on expenses from the company. The problem is that the receipt is likely to be in your name, rather than the company’s, so how will the VAT inspector react on a VAT inspection?
The VAT reclaim rules in black and white
The law states that if a business wishes to reclaim VAT on purchases, several conditions must first be met, otherwise the VAT inspector could refuse your claim. The two basic rules are:
- The VAT must have been incurred by the person reclaiming it
- The person making the reclaim must hold a valid VAT invoice for the supply
Exceptions to the rules
There are a couple of exceptions to these rules which all relate to small value purchases incurred in the course of business (i.e. less than £25 per transaction), such as:
- Coin operated machinery
- Car Parking
- Toll charges
- Telephone calls
- subsistence claims
In these cases, the original receipt should be passed to the company by the employee/ director, but VAT can be reclaimed.
However, that doesn’t help with our original problem of the director buying a significant piece of equipment for the business on his personal card.
How to avoid the VAT trap
When you are buying goods in this way, you are really just acting as a conduit for your company, who are the real buyer, so you have met the first condition.
To meet the second it would be wise to ask the seller to make the invoice out to the company, even though you are paying the bill. To avoid any concerns the seller may have, show him a business card to prove you are an employee of the company.